Farm to School
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Food safety bill signed by President Obama
Posted: Jan 4, 2011
5:07 PM by KRTV
Updated: Jan 4, 2011 5:15 PM
President Barack Obama signed into law on Tuesday a sweeping overhaul of America's food safety system.
The legislation, titled the Food Safety & Modernization Act, will give the Food & Drug Administration authority to impose new rules to prevent food contamination; it also allows the agency to order - rather than suggest - recall of tainted foods.
Dr. Margaret Hamburg, the commissioner of food and drugs at the Department of Health & Human Services, said that the law will enable officials to "...build a new system of food safety oversight - one focused on applying, more comprehensively than ever, the best available science and good common sense to prevent the problems that can make people sick."
Hamburg continued, "The idea of prevention is not new....What's new is the recognition that, for all the strengths of the American food system, a breakdown at any point on the farm-to-table spectrum can cause catastrophic harm to the health of consumers and great disruption and economic loss to the food industry."
While many hail the new law for strengthening food safety, some critics have noted that it will likely raise food prices.
U.S. Senator Jon Tester helped craft an amendment to the new law aimed at protecting small farms and food processers from certain aspects of the federal regulations.
Under the amendment, food producers would not be subject to some of the new federal requirements if they sell the majority of their food directly to consumers, restaurants, and retailers within the state, or within a 275-mile radius of where it was produced; and have less than $500,000 per year in sales.
Below is a brief summary of the bill prepared by the Congressional Research Service:
FDA Food Safety Modernization Act
Title I - Improving Capacity to Prevent Food Safety Problems
Amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) to expand the food safety activities of the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS), including to authorize the Secretary to inspect records related to food. Exempts certain establishments that sell food directly to consumers, such as roadside stands, farmers markets or participants in a community supported agriculture program, from specified requirements of this Act. Requires each owner, operator, or agent in charge of a food facility to identify and implement preventive controls to significantly minimize or prevent hazards that could affect food manufactured, processed, packed, or held by such facility. Sets forth provisions governing exemptions from such requirements for certain facilities. Requires the Secretary to: (1) issue guidance documents to reduce the risk from the most significant foodborne contaminants; and (2) establish minimum standards for the safe production and harvesting of fruits and vegetables based on known safety risks. Authorizes the Secretary to issue exemptions and variances from such standards. Directs the Secretary to assess and collect fees related to: (1) food facility reinspection; (2) food recalls; (3) the voluntary qualified importer program; and (4) importer reinspection. Directs the Secretary to develop voluntary food allergy and anaphylaxis management guidelines for schools and early childhood education programs.
Title II - Improving Capacity to Detect and Respond to Food Safety Problems
Requires the Secretary to: (1) allocate resources to inspect facilities and imported food according to the known safety risks of the facilities or food; and (2) establish a product tracing system to track and trace food that is in the United States or offered for import into the United States. Requires the Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), to enhance foodborne illness surveillance systems to improve the collection, analysis, reporting, and usefulness of data on foodborne illnesses. Gives the Secretary the authority to order a recall of an article of food.
Title III - Improving the Safety of Imported Food
Requires U.S. importers to perform risk-based foreign supplier verification activities to verify that imported food is produced in compliance with applicable requirements related to hazard analysis and standards for produce safety and is not adulterated or misbranded. Requires the Secretary to establish a program to expedite review and importation of food offered for importation by U.S. importers who have voluntarily agreed to participate in such program. Authorizes the Secretary to: (1) require a certification that an article of food imported or offered for import complies with applicable requirements of this Act; and (2) enter into arrangements and agreements with foreign governments to facilitate the inspection of registered foreign facilities. Requires food to be refused admission into the United States if permission to inspect the food facility is denied by the facility owner, operator, or agent or the foreign country. Sets forth provisions governing the establishment of a system to recognize bodies that accredit third-party auditors and audit agents to certify that foreign entities meet applicable FFDCA requirements for importation of food into the United States.
Title IV - Miscellaneous Provisions
Authorizes appropriations for FY2011-FY2015 for the activities of the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, the Center for Veterinary Medicine, and related field activities in the Office of Regulatory Affairs of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Directs the Secretary to increase the field staff of such Centers and Office. Establishes whistleblower's protections for employees of entities involved in the manufacturing, processing, packing, transporting, distribution, reception, holding, or importation of food who provide information relating to any FFDCA violation.
HOUSE PASSES RESOLUTION PROMOTING FARM TO SCHOOL PROGRAMS
House Designates October Farm to School Month Supporting Farmers and Students
(Washington, D.C.) Last night the U.S. House of Representatives passed a resolution introduced by U.S. Rep. Rush Holt (NJ-12) to establish October as National Farm to School Month to ensure our children obtain the highest quality food at school, help foster local farm job growth, and create local economic development.
Coming at a time when the Child Nutrition Act is up for the final vote, the confirmation of October as National Farm to School Month demonstrates the commitment of this Congress to healthy children, land, and communities. Holt's leadership as a member of the House Committee on Education and Labor has been instrumental in working to improve how food is sourced for the 31 million children that eat at school five days a week, 180 days a year.
"As a representative from the Garden State it should not be a surprise that I support bringing Jersey tomatoes or sweet corn into schools," Holt said. "But this is not just a local resolution. Farm to School programs are a key priority for Agriculture Secretary Vilsack, and First Lady Michelle Obama has planted a garden at the White House with the help of local students. Farm to school programs can help in the fight against childhood obesity and economically support our local farmers." Video of Rep. Holt speaking about the legislation can be found here.
"The New Jersey Farm to School Network is fully supportive of the "stake in the ground" commitment this resolution establishes," Beth Feehan stated. "Congressman Holt's efforts to highlight the importance of farm to school nationally will lead to improvements in agricultural economies and school nutrition, benefitting both farmers and the children of the Garden State."
The resolution, which can be read in full below, highlights the benefits of Farm to School programs. The House resolved that:
"a) Farm to School programs should be recognized as a proven effective strategy that can provide immediate and long-term benefits to child health, small and medium-sized agricultural producer income, and community economic development; and
b) the Federal Government should partner in assisting schools and local educational agencies with planning, technical assistance, and implementation of Farm to School programs; and
c) encourages schools and local education agencies to use local produce in meals throughout the month of October; and
d) encourages schools, farmers and farm groups, local businesses, nonprofit institutions, churches, cities, State governments, and other local groups to raise awareness of Farm to School efforts in their communities.
"WE applaud Rep Holt's leadership in the passage of Resolution 1655 in establishing October as National Farm to School Month. Farm to School programs are now active in all 50 states and this Resolution will help Farm to School take one step closer to nourishing the nation one tray at time," stated Marion Kalb Co-Director of the National Farm to School Network.
H. RES. 1655
Expressing support for designation of October as `National Farm to School Month'.
Whereas Farm to School programs of varying scale are currently operational in over 8,900 schools in all 50 States;
Whereas Farm to School programs connect schools and local farms in order to serve healthier meals in school cafeterias, improve student nutrition, and provide agriculture, health, and nutrition education;
Whereas Farm to School programs often have experiential education components that can lead to permanent improvements in children's diets both in school and at home;
Whereas Farm to School programs facilitate the purchase of local food for school meals, thus increasing local farm sales and stimulating local economies;
Whereas Farm to School programs can benefit small and mid-sized agricultural producers by providing access to consistent markets and the planning and organization skills to expand to other institutional customers;
Whereas Farm to School programs can be particularly important for beginning or socially disadvantaged farmers as schools provide a consistent and secure customer base;
Whereas Farm to School programs can benefit local economies, for every $1 spent on local foods in schools, $1 to $3 circulate in the local economy;
Whereas one-third of children in the United States are now obese or overweight, and over the past 3 decades, obesity rates have quadrupled in 6- to 11-year-olds and tripled in 12- to 19-year-olds according to the most recent data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Health and Nutrition Examination survey;
Whereas more than 9,000,000 young adults (25 percent) are too overweight to join the United States Armed Forces, making children's obesity rates a matter of national security;
Whereas United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) data shows that only 2 percent of children meet the Food Guide Pyramid serving recommendations;
Whereas communities with high levels of poverty have less access to fresh fruits and vegetables than higher-income communities;
Whereas increased consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables is 1 of 6 major strategies to prevent and control obesity, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;
Whereas Farm to School programs can increase children's daily intake of fresh fruits and vegetables and studies have demonstrated that children in schools with an active Farm to School program increased their average consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables by 1 or more servings per day;
Whereas 31,000,000 children eat school food 5 days a week, 180 days a year, and for many of these children, school food programs provide more than half of their daily calories;
Whereas approximately 60 percent of students in the United States are eligible to receive free or reduced-price school lunches;
Whereas Farm to School programs are popular among children and can increase school lunch participation ranging from 3 percent to 16 percent for all meals;
Whereas the National School Lunch Program established under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act has potential to provide fresher and healthier foods to millions of children in the United States;
Whereas Farm to School programs decrease the distance food travels to schools, which can reduce the energy used in transportation; and
Whereas the month of October would be an appropriate month to designate as `National Farm to School Month': Now, therefore, be it
(1) it is the sense of the House of Representatives that--
(A) Farm to School programs should be recognized as a proven effective strategy that can provide immediate and long-term benefits to child health, small and medium-sized agricultural producer income, and community economic development; and
(B) the Federal Government should partner in assisting schools and local educational agencies with planning, technical assistance, and implementation of Farm to School programs; and
(2) the House of Representatives--
(A) expresses support for designation of `National Farm to School Month';
(B) encourages schools and local education agencies to use local produce in meals; and
(C) encourages schools, farmers and farm groups, local businesses, nonprofit institutions, churches, cities, State governments, and other local groups to raise awareness of Farm to School efforts in their communities.
ABOUT NATIONAL FARM TO SCHOOL NETWORK
National Farm to School Network increases access to local food and nutrition education to improve children's health, strengthen family farms, and cultivate vibrant communities. Founded in 2007, the National Farm to School Network provides training and technical assistance, information services, networking, support for policy advocacy, and media and marketing activities in all 50 states with national staff and eight Regional Lead Agencies. The National Farm to School Network envisions a nation in which Farm to School programs are an essential component of strong and just local and regional food systems, ensuring the health of all school children, farms, environment, economy and communities. www.farmtoschool.org